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Website of the Polish Humanist Association and Club "Sapere Aude": Center for Inquiry - Poland

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Club "Sapere Aude" Humanist Association Women and religion Enlightenment Our history Center for Inquiry



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Man is essentially a dreamer, wakened sometimes for a moment by some peculiarly obtrusive element in the outer world, but lapsing again quickly into the happy somnolence of imagination.

(Bertrand Russell, Dreams and Facts, 1916)


Save this 10-year-old girl from an "honour" killing!

NEW PETITION

At just ten years old, Brishna is a survivor of brutal rape. A local mullah has been charged and is awaiting trial -- but Brishna isn’t safe yet. Powerful groups in the community want to kill Brishna for ‘bringing shame’ on her family. Death threats have been pouring in from relatives, religious leaders, and powerful members of her community. After she was released from hospital, Brishna was taken to a shelter run by Women for Afghan Women for protection. The head of the shelter, Dr Hassina Sarwari, says male relatives have threatened to “kill her and dump her in the river.” Shockingly, local police have removed her from the shelter and returned her to her family -- despite the risk to her life. Staff from the shelter have also been receiving death threats.

Call on the Afghan Government to protect Brishna and staff at the women’s shelter, and investigate the threats against them.

'Honour' killings are a serious problem in Afghanistan. Between January 2011 and May 2013 more than 240 cases were recorded by the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission.

It's unbelievable, but Afghanistan’s Penal Code actually recommends reduced sentences in murder cases when ‘honour’ is the motivation. When a murderer is convicted of an ‘honour’ killing, they receive no more than two years jail. This is a test of leadership for the new President of Afghanistan, Ashraf Ghani.

Ask President Ghani to stand up for the rights of women and girls, and clearly condemn 'honour' killings.

Sign the petition


PETITION

With 29.8 million people enslaved today1, the curse of modern slavery is a significant barrier to the wellbeing and economic prosperity of the world at large. Victims of modern slavery are often prevented from receiving an education, receive little or no pay, and cannot speak or move freely. This is not only a grave injustice for those experiencing these conditions but the knock on effects are unfathomable — the world is missing out on the potential of millions of people. Unbelievably, ending modern slavery is not yet a clear priority in the proposed Sustainable Development Goals — a transformative action plan which will help shape governments’ policies for years to come.2 Countries who agreed to the last set of goals — the Millennium Development Goals — achieved some remarkable things. Together, they halved global poverty, and halved the proportion of people who lack an adequate water supply.3 Imagine what could be achieved if they committed to ending modern slavery. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has said, “I want this to be the most inclusive global development process the world has ever known”.4 Call on him to ensure ending modern slavery is prioritised in the Sustainable Development Goals.

Sign the petition


PETITION

In the early hours of 7 August 2012 Claudia Medina woke to the frightening sound of marines breaking into her home in Veracruz City, Mexico.
With her hands bound and a blindfold covering her eyes, the mother of three, who makes a living as a natural medicine salesperson, was taken to a local naval base.
Over the next few days, Claudia suffered terrible torture at the hands of government forces, including electric shocks and sexual abuse, being wrapped in plastic, beaten and kicked. Her torturers even forced chilli sauce up her nose with a syringe.

Join the global movement to get justice for Claudia.

Sign the petition


BERTRAND RUSSELL ON GOD



Bertrand Russell is our favourite humanist philosopher. In this short video he shares some of his thoughts on faith in God. It is very little, but don't worry, we will soon add a few of his brilliant essays.


PETITION

Since the days of Britain's colonial rule of India, there has been a law on the books forbidding sexual relations "against the order of nature," which is generally interpreted to be gay sex. Violating this law can mean up to ten years in prison.

In 2009, a New Delhi high court ruled the law unconstitutional. Late last year, however, the Supreme Court opted to reinstate it -- thereby furthering a culture of fear, pain and loneliness among India's LGBT citizens.

The Indian Parliament has the power to repeal this discriminatory law . Tell the Parliament to repeal India's anti-gay law immediately!

Sign the petition


Michael Schmidt Solomon

HOW PIGLET AND YOUNG HEDGEHOG WERE SEARCHING FOR GOD AND WHAT HAS FOLLOWED FROM THEIR SEARCH

This is our newest publucation and probably the first atheist book for little children.




Police investigate photo of little girl with Catholic death threat face paint


(Christian love in practice)



The young girl is photographed with a Union flag painted on her cheek and "KAT" in red, white and blue on her head. The photograph, which emerged on social media and republican websites, is believed to have been taken during an Eleventh night bonfire in north Belfast.
The slogans "KAT" ("Kill All Taigs") or "ATAT" ("All Taigs Are Targets") commonly appear in graffiti in loyalist areas in Northern Ireland.

A Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) spokesman added: "Police have received a report, enquiries will be carried out to establish if any offenses have been committed."


[ Read more ]



EU DIALOGUE WITH

NON-BELIEVERS

Watch the video to see how the institution of the European Union meet their obligation to maintain an open, transparent and regular dialogue with philosophical and non-confessional organisations.



Dear GOD!


[Atheist song]

Number one on the list of best atheist songs by Phil Zuckerman!



Richard Dawkins

documentaries!


(We prefer his films to his books)

The Root of All Evil? - The God Delusion 1



The Root of All Evil? - The Virus of Faith (2)


2014 OECD REPORT : HOW IS LIFE IN POLAND?


Compared with other OECD countries, Brazil and the Russian Federation, Poland performs well in only a few of the 11 dimensions mentioned above that the OECD considers as essential to a good life. Poland ranks above the average of the 36 countries in the dimensions of personal security, education and skills, civic engagement and social connections, but below average in health status, work-life balance, income and wealth, subjective well-being, jobs and earnings, environmental quality, and housing.

[ Read the report ]

BERTRAND RUSSELL: IS THERE A GOD?


We have promised to add more essays by Bertrand Russell. Here comes the first one: an elegant and in-depth but brief and "reader-freindly" discussion of the one of the most fundamental questions. Must read, indeed!

[ Read the article ]

GOOD NEWS FROM POLAND!


On 12 September 2014, Poland's parliament rejected the bill to criminalize sexual education on the ridiculous plea that it contributes to spreading pedophilia. 264 MPs voted against it. Ultra conservatives have lost again. (In recent years, they have tried twice but failed to outlaw abortion totally). Poland is still far from being a liberal and secular country, but relatively new secularizing tendency is quite stable and is getting visibly stronger.

PETER SINGER: THE FREEDOM TO RIDICULE RELIGION AND DENY THE HOLOCAUST

Only 3% of Polish people consider personal freedom important. This includes the freedom of thougfht, speech and conscience - disregarded equally by most believers and non-believers.

We publish this important article by Peter Singer to give you an idea of how strongly we value these freedoms and related civil liberties. Indeed, in recent months, fostering individual freedom among the religious and non-religious has become our mission and one of the most important chores.

We do not recommend offending anyone, we do, however, defend our right to express any opinion or make fun of religion as of any other irrational, false or harmful belief. It does not mean that we would spread all of them. We do not like primitive pranks on any subject, particularly when they are played on the faithful in their places of worship. But outside, as we say in Polish: "there is no hell, let your spirit fly".

[ Read the article ]

FALLING NUMBERS OF PILGRIMS IN POLAND (CURRENT COMMENTARY - AUGUST 2014)


This August (2014), the number of faithful who took part in 59 pilgrimages to Jasna Gora monastery in southern Poland, was 30 per cent lower (73.4 thousand) than in 2004, when 103.3 thousand participated.

These numbers are reduced almost every year. In 2009, there were 84.9 thousand of pilgrims, and in the last year - 75.1 thousand.

Sociologists explain (and we agree with them) that it is the symptom of progressive secularization in Poland, but emphasize that to some degree it may also be the result of a demographic change, as in recent years the percentage of young people has decreased, and it is they who constitute the largest group of pilgrims.

JOANNA KARAUSZ: REFORMING HEARTS AND MINDS: THE EDUCATIONAL REFORMS OF THE POLISH ENLIGHTENMENT


Poland's distinct history did not exclude it from experiencing the blossoming of liberal ideology during the Enlightenment but it did, however, use the ideology in a very different way than most of Europe. In France, monarchs, especially Louis XIV, ensured that the nobles were at their service and dependent on their good will. Power had become so centralized that revolution broke out as personal liberties were compromised. The ideology of the Enlightenment and its proposed reforms served to loosen the grip of absolute monarchy and ensure more people with natural freedom. Poland saw the opposite; the widened gap between the nobility and the peasantry caused some to be incredibly rich and powerful while others devastatingly poor and powerless. Ironically, the cause of such disparity was a political system, based on the so called golden liberties embraced by Polish gentry known as the szlachta, throughout much of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The Enlightenment in Poland was a way to combat the 'golden liberties' that were more harmful than helpful. Reformers used the same ideology that granted civil liberties to the French in order to centralize the government and inspire nationalism in Poland.

[ Read the article ]

PHIL ZUCKERMAN: IS FAITH GOOD FOR US?


Whether Christian, Muslim, Jewish, or Sikh, there is one common belief that all religious fundamentalists share: worship of God and obedience to his laws are essential for a peaceful, healthy society. From Orthodox rabbis in the occupied West Bank to Wahhabi sheiks in Saudi Arabia, from the pope in Vatican City to Mormons in Salt Lake City, the lament is the same: God and his will must be at the center of everyone's lives in order to ensure a moral, prosperous, safe, collective existence. The author, eminent sociologist, shows, that these believes shared by numerous cultured non-believres are entirely false!

[ Read the article ]

BARBARA STANOSZ: PHILOSOPHER AND CITIZEN (OBITUARY)


Barbara Stanosz, professor emeritus at the University of Warsaw, Poland, died on 7 June 2014. A philosopher and logician in the analytic tradition, Professor Stanosz wrote some excellent handbooks of formal logic and translated into Polish works by Bertrand Russell, Rudolf Carnap, Willard VO Quine, Richard B. Brandt, Daniel C. Dennett, Donald Davidson and other contemporary empiricists and philosophers of language.

[ Read the article ]

ANDRZEJ DOMINICZAK: CURRENT COMMENTARY (2 June 2014)


You may have learned that approx. 3000 Polish physicians signed a "declaration of faith" in which it is inter alia stated that they shall treat patients "putting god's law before man's". No doubt, this act of religious fundamentalism is hopelessly unwise but you should be aware that Poland is a relatively populous country and this 3000 signatures means that the declaration has been signed by just 1,2 per cent of Polish doctors and students of medicine (the appeal to sign it was addressed to both groups and signatures have been collected since 5 March 2014). I wonder, what would be the percentage of doctors and students in USA, Malta or Ireland who would sign a similar declaration?

Moreover, the declaration does not change much, as many catholic physicians have refused to perform abortion or prescribe birth control pills for many years. Now, they have just publicly expressed their views.

I am not saying we should not be concerned at all about that kind of symptoms of religious fanaticism, but let's not get hysterical - this is just 1,2 per cent of students and medics - the number surprisingly low in a legendary stronghold of Catholicism.

ANDRZEJ DOMINICZAK: SECULARIZATION OR CLERICALIZATION? WHAT IS HAPPENING IN POLAND?


The studies on religiosity conducted in recent years in Poland have revealed two coexisting, though contradictory processes. On the one hand, secularization progresses, slowly but unceasingly: religious faith is weakening and participation in church activities is shrinking. On the other hand, however, one poll after another has shown rapidly growing support for the policy of the Catholic Church and its flagship political spoils, as the ban on abortion, the presence of the crucifix in the parliament or the refusal to legalize civil gay unions.

[ Read the article ]

WILL M. GERVAIS, ARA NORENZAYAN: LOSING YOUR RELIGION? ANALYTIC THINKING WEAKENS RELIGIOUS BELIEF


Most of the world’s population believes in God, or gods, but alongside them there are also hundreds of millions of nonbelievers. What makes one a believer or not?

Read the article

ERNESTYNA POTOWSKA ROSE: DEFENCE OF ATHEISM


Probably the first lecture in defence of atheism written and delivered in 1861 by Ernestyna Potowska Rose - a Polish Jewish feminist, abolitionist and of course an atheist. We consider her to be probably the first humanist in today's sense of the term. Wonderful woman!

Read the article

RICHARD POTTS: RELIGION AND POLICTICS IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC


Are Czechs really ardent atheists? Interesting article about their "different" religiosity.

Read the article

PAVEL MESTAN. ALEXAANDER REHAK: CHURCH AND FASCISM IN SLOVAKIA


Rising apprehension has been expressed by democratic, particularly secular, parts of Slovak society over an ever-growing propagation of fascism in Slovakia. An interesting article about the Catholic Church in Slovakia - one of the mian actors involved in attempts to exculpate fascism.

Read the article

POLAND - WOMEN'S HELL ON THE EASTERN EU BORDER


The "Women's Hell" is the title of the collection of essays written by Tadeusz Boy-¯eleñski and published in Poland in 1929. Its author, a Polish writer, translator and medical doctor, touchingly described the misery of women, mostly impoverished women, deprived of their reproductive rights. Read the following articles to find out what is the situation today, almost one hundred years later.

MORE ON POLAND FROM A HUMANIST PERSPECTIVE


We are not particularly patriotic byt we suppose that quite a few of our visitors are particularly interested in Polish affairs as seen from humanist or atheist perspectives. So in this section you may find more information and comments about contemporary Poland. The following articles and reports come from various sources but cover the fields of particular interest to secular humanist, so we hope you will find them worth reading. You may expect more and more diverse articles about Poland in the near future.

HUMANIST IDENTITY


The questions of humanist identity, self-concept and definition are sometimes regarded as major flaws of the humanist movement. Their vagueness and ambiguity, however, though unattractive to tabloid paople and their media, may - we hope - appeal to those of our kin: who are reflective rather than unthoughtful, who prefer cognitive complexity to bombastic simplicity and who like to talk rather than shout or deliver speeches. Ambiguity of humanism seems also relevant to the ambiguity of our own selves, so searching for the meaning of humanism is closely related to searching for our selves - a very humanist thing to do. If you like to think before you act, you will probably enjoy the following articles.

INTERESTING THOUGHTS AND IDEAS (NOT ONLY OURS)




WOMEN AND RELIGION

Women, their rights and liberteis, are the main victims of religion, while women constitute the majority of believers and practitioners in all - except judaism - religions of the world. It is one of oue main concerns, so we have decided to create a new, bilingual (Polish and English), website entirely devoted to women and religion.

Here is the link to the site






Psychologists from the University of British Columbia have found that simply looking at "The Thinker" by August Rodin can weaken faith in God and in the case of feeble faith can even lead to atheism. If - however - for any reason whatsoever, you want to watch an enlarged version of the above image or show it to someone:

[click here]



EUROPE

NOT WITHOUT WOMEN

(English subtitles)




This is an abridged version of a documentary produced by Centre Laique Audiovisuelle and devoted mainly to the role of the Catholic Church in infringing the rights of women in several European countries - particularly in Poland.

Apart from the well known restrictions on abortion and other reproductive rights, the documentary reveals briefly the hideus role of Catholic Church in defending the traditional family - the collective considered far more important than the basic rights of its members, particularly women, even if they are victims of most extreme forms of abuse ast the hands of their husbands.




FREE INQUIRY is the hard-hitting bimonthly journal of the Council for Secular Humanism. From world-class columnists to thought-provoking cover features to commentaries from every branch of the secular humanist movement, FREE INQUIRY has it all ... and for the first time, every word of the current issue is available online. To access online content (including full text of the current issue and selected items from issues going back to 1996).

Read amd subscribe to FREE INQUIRY!




SKEPTICAL INQUIRER is the official journal of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. Six times per year Skeptical Inquirer publishes critical scientific evaluations of all manner of controversial and extraordinary claims, including but not limited to paranormal and fringe-science matters, and informed discussion of all relevant issues. In addition to news, articles, book reviews, and investigations on a wide variety of topics, Skeptical Inquirer has a stellar stable of regular columnists including Joe Nickell ("Investigative Files"), Massimo Polidoro ("Notes on a Strange World"), Massimo Pigluicci ("Thinking About Science"), Robert Sheaffer ("Psychic Vibrations"), and SI managing editorBenjamin Radford's reader-driven ("The Skeptical Inquiree"). Yale University neurologist Steven Novella, M.D., founder of the New England Skeptical Society and executive editor of the Science-Based Medicine blog, contributes a new "The Science of Medicine" column, and contributing editor Kenneth W. Krause adds a regular science column, "ScienceWatch

Read amd subscribe to SKEPTICAL INQUIRER


EXAMINED LIFE

(CLICK ON THE PICTURE)

Most interesting documentary based on talks with 8 renowned philosophers, including Peter Siinger - one of our favourite thinkers. We do not agree with everything they say but most of it is certainly worth pondering.




Saudi Arabia Tries to Silence Center for Inquiry at UN Human Rights Council

This past Sunday something incredible happened: at a meeting of the United Nations Human Rights Council, CFI representative Josephine Macintosh delivered a powerful statement forcefully condemning Saudi Arabia for its persecution of political and religious dissidents and calling for their immediate release.
It was too much for Saudi Arabia to take. Their representative, with panic in his voice, tried three times to shout Josephine down, repeatedly demanding that the Council president "shut her up!"
Josephine never backed down, despite Saudi intimidation, and as they protested, she received the vocal support of the representatives from four member states: The U.S., Ireland, Canada, and France, all of whom spoke up for her right to continue speaking.



PSYCHOLOGY OF ATHEISM

Psychologist Dr. Paul Vitz (PhD in Psychology from Stanford University) speaks on a number of influential atheists (like Friedrich Nietzsche, David Hume, Bertrand Russell, Jean-Paul Sartre, Sigmund Freud, etc.) and how they may have become atheists. It ends up that many of these atheists had abusive or weak fathers who influenced the way the saw God. Highly insightful and interesting!




16 year-old Amina Filali, raped, beaten and forced to wed her rapist, killed herself -- the only way she saw to escape the trap set for her by her rapist and the law. If we act now, we can stop this unspeakable tragedy from happening to anyone else.
Article 475 in Morocco’s penal code allows a rapist to avoid prosecution and a long prison sentence by marrying his victim if she is a minor. Since 2006, the government has promised to strike this down and pass legislation prohibiting violence against women, but it hasn't happened.



Please, sign the petition for a comprehensive law to stop violence against women, including repeal of Article 475. When we reach 250,000 signatures, we'll deliver it directly to the decision makers.


Please, sign the petion for free and secular Middle East and Norther Africa.



MYTH OF CHASTITY BELT
According to tradition, the use of chastity belts – metallic straps locked over female genitalia with padlocks—dates back to the time of the Crusades, when knights in- departure for the Holy Land supposedly used them to ensure their wives' fidelity in their absence. Recent studies, however, show that such instruments were never in use during the Middle Ages.

Read the whole article!



Christianity and nazism

Many suggest that Hitler did not hold a traditional belief in God because he believed that he was God. True, Hitler thought himself God’s chosen leader for the Aryan race. But he never claimed to be divine, and never presented himself in that manner to his followers. Members of the Wehrmacht swore this loyalty oath: “I swear by God this holy oath to the Führer of the German Reich and the German people, Adolf Hitler.” For Schutzstaffel (S.S.) members it was: “I pledge to you, Adolf Hitler, my obedience unto death, so help me God.”

Read the essay by Gregory S. Paul


RELIGIOSITY AND INTELLIGENCE

Richard Dawkns is reading a few excerpts from his GOD DELUSION. the lack of faith among eminent scientists and generally the relationship between education, intelligence and religiosity.





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